3GPP D2D Specification and Public Services

Dmitry Namiot


This article deals with ProSe (Proximity Services) in the 3GPP specification. According to 3GPP specifications, proximity services are used to identify possible candidates for direct (D2D - Device to Device) communication between devices. Under the control of the network, the devices in the proximity are identified, and then the data is exchanged directly between the devices. This model is seen as the basis for many new services. However, in our opinion, a direct connection of devices will have limited application. The only reason for this is security. A connection to another device is (in terms of cybersecurity) a connection to an unknown device. This is how a device that is found in the vicinity should be considered. The fact that this device is known to the operator does not actually change this characteristic in any way. Connecting to an unknown device is a direct way to attack the device. The approach suggested in this paper is that the ProSe (D2D) components may be the backbone of public telecommunications services that do not require a connection between devices.

Full Text:

PDF (Russian)


Zou, Kingsley J., et al. "Proximity discovery for device-to-device communications over a cellular network." IEEE Communications Magazine 52.6 (2014): 98-107.

Rebecchi, Filippo, et al. "Data offloading techniques in cellular networks: A survey." IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 17.2 (2014): 580-603.

3GPP TS 24.334 V12.1.1, December 2014; Technical Specification Group Core Network and Terminals, Proximity-services (ProSe) User Equipment (UE) to ProSe function protocols; Stage 3; Release 12.

LTE Direct http://www.3glteinfo.com/lte-direct/ Retrieved: Dec, 2019

Baert, Mathias, et al. "The Bluetooth mesh standard: An overview and experimental evaluation." Sensors 18.8 (2018): 2409.

Namiot, Dmitry, and Manfred Sneps-Sneppe. "On Content Models for Proximity Services." 2019 24th Conference of Open Innovations Association (FRUCT). IEEE, 2019.

Namiot, Dmitry, and Manfred Sneps-Sneppe. "The physical web in smart cities." 2015 Advances in Wireless and Optical Communications (RTUWO). IEEE, 2015.

Namiot, Dmitry, and Manfred Sneps-Sneppe. "On Proximity-Based Information Delivery." International Conference on Distributed Computer and Communication Networks. Springer, Cham, 2018.

Namiot, Dmitry, and Manfred Sneps-Sneppe. "Geofence and network proximity." Internet of Things, Smart Spaces, and Next Generation Networking. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013. 117-127.

Sneps-Sneppe, Manfred, and Dmitry Namiot. "Spotique: A new approach to local messaging." International Conference on Wired/Wireless Internet Communication. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.

Janowicz, Krzysztof. "Observation‐driven geo‐ontology engineering." Transactions in GIS 16.3 (2012): 351-374.

Nalepa, Grzegorz J., and W. T. Furmańska. "Review of semantic web technologies for GIS." Automatyka/Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie 13 (2009): 485-492.

Yingjie Hu (2017). Geospatial Semantics. In Bo Huang, Thomas J. Cova, and Ming-Hsiang Tsou et al. (Eds): Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems, Elsevier. Oxford, UK. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09597-X

Goodchild, Michael F., and Linda L. Hill. "Introduction to digital gazetteer research." International Journal of Geographical Information Science 22.10 (2008): 1039-1044.

Hill, Linda L. "Core elements of digital gazetteers: placenames, categories, and footprints." International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2000.

Janowicz, Krzysztof, and Carsten Keßler. "The role of ontology in improving gazetteer interaction." International Journal of Geographical Information Science 22.10 (2008): 1129-1157.

Ai, Qing, et al. "Enhance the Geographical Description of SSN Ontology Based on GeoNames." 2017 13th International Conference on Semantics, Knowledge and Grids (SKG). IEEE, 2017.

Büttcher, Stefan, Charles LA Clarke, and Gordon V. Cormack. Information retrieval: Implementing and evaluating search engines. Mit Press, 2016.

Keßler, Carsten, Krzysztof Janowicz, and Mohamed Bishr. "An agenda for the next generation gazetteer: Geographic information contribution and retrieval." Proceedings of the 17th ACM SIGSPATIAL international conference on advances in Geographic Information Systems. ACM, 2009.

Jones, Christopher B., Alia I. Abdelmoty, and Gaihua Fu. "Maintaining ontologies for geographical information retrieval on the web." OTM Confederated International Conferences" On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems". Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2003.

Gajendran, Santhosh Kumar. "A survey on nosql databases." University of Illinois (2012).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Abava  Absolutech Fruct 2020

ISSN: 2307-8162