Europe's digital railway - from ERTMS to artificial intelligence

Oleg Pokusaev, Alexander Klimov, Vasily Kupriyanovsky, Petr Morhat, Dmitry Namiot

Abstract


This article is devoted to a discussion of digital railway projects in Europe. EU rules require the European railway system to work as a single system of systems. Commercial drivers in the industry include round-the-clock operation, high availability, low cost, security, increased throughput, simplified disaster recovery, low carbon emissions, and customer satisfaction. There are about 30 national railway signaling systems in the EU, which may cause technical or operational problems at borders. To overcome this drawback, the EU decided to develop, adopt and implement a single standard for command, control, signaling and communication, ERTMS, establishing a compatible railway structure throughout the EU. Installed both on the track system and on board, it consists of the European Train Management System (ETCS), ensuring that the train does not exceed the safe speed and distance from other trains, and the global mobile communications system on railways (GSM-R), representing the radio standard for rail traffic. With the introduction of ERTMS, a lot is changing: the speed of trains and their density on the railway network increase. All this determines the very essential requirements, both to the track infrastructure and to the rolling stock.


Full Text:

PDF (Russian)

References


Pokusaev O. N. i dr. Ontologii sistemy sistem v nacional'nyh standartah cifrovoj zheleznoj dorogi Velikobritanii //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 11.

Lazutkina V. et al. Ontologies of big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence on the digital railroad //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2019. – T. 7. – #. 5. – S. 75-88.

Sokolov I. A. i dr. Proekty cifrovogo transporta s global'nymi navigacionnymi sputnikovymi sistemami-put' k postroeniju integrirovannyh sistem cifrovogo transporta //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2019. – T. 7. – #. 1.

Klimov A. A. i dr. BIM i inzhenernye formalizovannye ontologii na cifrovoj zheleznoj doroge Evropy v ob"edinenii EULYNX-jekonomika dannyh //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 8.

Sokolov I. A. i dr. Cifrovaja jekonomika Zapadnoj Avstralii-umnye gornorudnye i neftegazovye predprijatija, zheleznye dorogi, morskie porty i formalizovannye ontologii //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 6.-S. 44-62.

Kuprijanovskij V. P. i dr. Formalizovannye ontologii i servisy dlja vysokoskorostnyh magistralej i cifrovoj zheleznoj dorogi //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 6. – S. 69-86.

Sokolov I. A. i dr. Roboty, avtonomnye robototehnicheskie sistemy, iskusstvennyj intellekt i voprosy transformacii rynka transportno-logisticheskih uslug v uslovijah cifrovizacii jekonomiki //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 4. – S. 92-108.

Kuprijanovskaja Ju. V. i dr. Umnyj kontejner, umnyj port, BIM, Internet Veshhej i blokchejn v cifrovoj sisteme mirovoj torgovli //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 3. – S. 49-94.

Kupriyanovsky V. et al. On development of transport and logistics industries in the European Union: open BIM, Internet of Things and cyber-physical systems //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 2. – S. 54-100.

Pokusaev O. et al. Blockchain on the digital railway in Germany //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 2. – S. 43-53.

Sokolov I. A. i dr. Vozmozhnosti razvitija cifrovoj zheleznoj dorogi, kak bazy mul'timodal'noj transportnoj sistemy umnyh gorodov v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 12.-S. 6-76.

Namiot D. et al. Blockchain applications for transport industry //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 12. – S. 130-134.

Kuprijanovskij V. P. i dr. Cifrovaja zheleznaja doroga-ertms, bim, GIS, PLM i cifrovye dvojniki //Sovremennye informacionnye tehnologii i IT-obrazovanie. – 2017. – T. 13. – #. 3.-S.129-166.

Kuprijanovskij V. P. i dr. Soobrazhenija po problemam sozdanija cifrovoj zheleznoj dorogi dlja novogo shelkovogo puti transkontinental'nogo logisticheskogo partnerstva v celjah jekonomicheskogo razvitija stran vhodjashhih v EAJeS i Rossii //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 9.-S.119-140.

Klimov A.A. i dr., //Cifrovye transportnye koridory dlja perevozok gruzov i passazhirov. Vestnik transporta - 2017.- N. 10. – C. 26-30.

Klimov A.A. i dr., //Cifrovye transportnye koridory dlja perevozok gruzov i passazhirov. Vestnik transporta - 2017.- N. 11. – C. 15-28.

Sokolov I. et al. On artificial intelligence as a strategic tool for the economic development of the country and the improvement of its public administration. Part 1. The experience of the United Kingdom and the United States //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 9. – S. 57-75.

Sokolov I. et al. On artificial intelligence as a strategic tool for the economic development of the country and the improvement of its public administration. Part 2. On prospects for using artificial intelligence in Russia for public administration //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 9. – S. 76-101.

Sokolov I. et al. On breakthrough innovative technologies for infrastructures. The Eurasian digital railway as a basis of the logistic corridor of the new Silk Road //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 9. – S. 102-118.

Zamolodchikov D. et al. Comfortable environment and resources for passenger stations in the lifecycle of digital railways assets //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 3. – S. 100-116.

Kupriyanovsky V. et al. Bandwidth and economy of the digital railway in the transformation of signaling and train control //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 3. – S. 117-132.

Kupriyanovsky V. P. et al. Economics of innovations for digital railways. Experience in the UK //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 3. – S. 79-99.

Shneps-Shneppe M. A., Kuprijanovskij V. P. Mobil'naja set' GSM-R—osnova cifrovoj zheleznoj dorogi //Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Sovremennye informacionnye tehnologii i IT-obrazovanie». – 2016. – T. 12. – #. 1. – S. 222-231.

Kupriyanovsky V. et al. On Internet of Digital Railway //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2016. – T. 4. – #. 12. – S. 53-68.

Sinyagov S. et al. Digital Railroad-create digital assets. Based on materials from Network Rail (UK) project asset management system modernization //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2016. – T. 4. – #. 10. – S. 43-54.

Nikolaev D. et al. Digital Railroad-an innovative standards and their role on the example of the UK //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2016. – T. 4. – #. 10. – S. 55-61.

Grin'ko O. V. i dr. Ontologizacija dannyh Evropejskogo sojuza kak perehod ot jekonomiki dannyh k jekonomike znanij //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2018. – T. 6. – #. 11.

Digital Transformation https://ec.europa.eu/growth/industry/policy/digital-transformation_en

Digital dividend https://www.weforum.org/press/2016/01/100-trillion-by-2025-the-digital-dividend-for-society-and-business/s

Digital Transformation Industry https://www.rolandberger.com/en/Publications/The-digital-transformation-industry.html

Kuprijanovskij V. P. i dr. Na puti k jenergeticheskomu Internetu: novye reguljacii, biznes modeli, jekonomicheskie i tehnicheskie predposylki //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2019. – T. 7. – #. 3.

Kupriyanovsky V. et al. On the way to the physical Internet: industry, logistics, and e-commerce 4.0. European option //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2019. – T. 7. – #. 5. – S. 89-104.

SAFE-10-T D5.2 Guideline Document on Resilience Assessment, SAFE-10-T 2018

SAFE-10-T D3.1 Report on Global Safety Framework, SAFE-10-T 2018

SAFE-10-T D1.1 Report on the Probabilistic Consideration of Resilience, SAFE-10-T 2018

Transforming Transport D6.1 – Proactive rail infrastructures pilots design , Transforming Transport 2017

Transforming Transport D6.3 – Proactive Rail Infrastructure Release 1, Transforming Transport 20[38 ] Brussels, 14.11.2017 SWD(2017) 375 final COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Delivering an effective and interoperable European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) – the way ahead

ERTMS TEN-T funding 2007-2013 © European Union FEBRUARY 2018

Feasibility Study on Innovative Financing Options for ERTMS A critical review for an accelerated deployment of ERTMS and a new use of EU funding support. Report by Ernst & Young TAS Special Business Services SCRL (Belgium) for the European Commission following award of an open call for tenders Ref: MOVE/B4/2016-570 © European Union, 2019

Digital Railway Requirements – ETCS Onboard Reference 153821-NWR-SPE-ESE-000017 Issue/Ver: 1.0 Date: 20 March 2019

ANNEX to GB decision no 19/2018 ANNUAL WORK PLAN and BUDGET 2019 ADOPTED BY THE S2R JU GOVERNING BOARD ON 4 DEC 2018 http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/other/wp/jtis/h2020-wp19-shift2rail_en.pdf

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN LOGISTICS A collaborative report by DHL and IBM on implications and use cases for the logistics industry DHL 2018

RCA Reference CCS Architecture ,An initiative of the ERTMS users group and the EULYNX consortium, RCA Alpha – Architecture Overview, Document id: RCA.Doc.2 Version: Alpha.1 Date: 15.2.2019 © EUG and EULYNX partners

ERTMS - a new technology for the railway sector Anticipating its IMpact on Employment and Social Conditions., AIMESC PROJECT, FINAL REPORT AND GUIDELINES Period covered: from 01 November 2009 to January 2011 https://www.etf-europe.org

Digital Railway – Joint Development Group TMS-Digital-Railway-Requirements Copyright 2019 Group Digital Railway

Digital Railway – Joint Development Group Common Interface Dataset Copyright 2019 Group Digital Railway

Digital Railway – Joint Development Group Engineering Rules Gap Analysis and Impact Assessment Report Digital Railway 2018 Copyright 2018 Group Digital Railway

Digital Railway – Joint Development Group Managed Service TM – Report A feasible approach to Software as a Service (SaaS) to fit Railway Operations in the UK Copyright 2018 Group Digital Railway

S-CODE D3.1 Report – Next generation control: monitoring and sensor systems S-CODE 2019

Evangelos Krokos Centralized Vehicle License Management on ERTMS Key Database and Communication between Server and RBC Master's Thesis Stockholm, KTH Royal Institute of Technology Electrical Engineering Department Master in Network Services and Systems October 16, 2016

Raja Gopal Kalvakunta Reliability Modelling of ERTMS/ETCS Norwegian University of Science and Technology Submission date: June 2017

CHRISTOPHER MORRIS & JOHN EASTON USE OF ONTOLOGY FOR DATA INTEGRATION IN A DEGRADED MODE SIGNALLING SYSTEM Computers in Railways XVI WIT Transactions on The Built Environment, Vol 181, © 2019 WIT Press

Building the Future – Work Programme 2018-2019 ETSI’s Vision of a Connected World ETSI Published in August 2018

Autonomous systems - facing up to the regulatory challenges https://www.rssb.co.uk/pages/blog/autonomous-systems-facing-up-to-the-regulatory-challenges.aspx

Kuprijanovskij V. P. i dr. Gigabitnoe obshhestvo i innovacii v cifrovoj jekonomike //Sovremennye informacionnye tehnologii i IT-obrazovanie. – 2017. – T. 13. – #. 1.

ERSAT GGC D 3.2 GNSS Quantitative Analysis for ERSAT GGC Project , ERSAT GGC 2018

ERSAT GGC D3.1 Safety Analysis of ERSAT ERTMS Application over GNSS , ERSAT GGC 2018

ERSAT GGC D2.1 Enhanced Functional ERTMS Architecture Capable of using GNSS and Public Radio TLC Technologies, ERSAT GGC 2018

Sokolov I. A. i dr. Gosudarstvo, innovacii, nauka i talanty v izmerenii cifrovoj jekonomiki (na primere Velikobritanii) //International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2017. – T. 5. – #. 6.- C.33-48.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Abava  Absolutech IT-EDU 2019

ISSN: 2307-8162