The motives for the use of autonomous (driverless) cars in the EC and the USA

Artem Shaklein, Oleg Pokusaev, Vasily Kupriyanovsky, Maxim Ovsiannikov, Varvara Lazutkina

Abstract


The article discusses the operation of autonomous cars in the EU and the USA. The overall goal of this article is to determine how autonomous vehicle technology can improve the state of logistics, in particular, when transporting goods on roads. First of all, the automotive industry in Europe (EU) and the United States of America is considered, since they are two geographic locations with adequate infrastructure. They have also been conducting actual tests of autonomous vehicles for several years already, and relevant data are available from several sources. Some examples cited in the article were taken from real industrial areas in Australia, where autonomous vehicles are already in operation. The paper addresses several major issues. Firstly, it is a question of how autonomous vehicles can be more efficient than traditional vehicles for transported goods. Secondly, this is a discussion on how to improve the safety aspects of drivers and vehicles with the help of advanced technologies of autonomous cars. And the third issue to be examined is an assessment of what the potential changes in financial costs and benefits are when applying autonomous vehicle technology to practical working conditions and their potential consequences in the transport chain. Also in the work, much attention is paid to how the profession of the driver will be transformed in terms of the use of autonomous vehicles.


Full Text:

PDF (Russian)

References


U.S. Department of Transportation Releases Policy on Automated Vehicle Development. 2013. US Department of Transportation, 30 May 2013. https://www.transportation.gov/briefing-room/us-department-transportation-releases-policy-automated-vehicle-development

Thrun S. 2010. What We’re Driving At. Official Google Blog, 09 October 2010. https://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/10/what-were-driving-at.html

Otto and Budweiser: First Shipment by Self-Driving Truck. 2016. Video on Uber Advanced Technologies Group's YouTube channel. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qb0Kzb3haK8&feature=youtu.be

Hawkins, A. J. 2018. Uber’s Self-Driving Trucks Are Now Delivering Freight in Arizona. The Verge, 06 March 2018. https://www.theverge.com/2018/3/6/17081626/uber-self-driving-trucks-delivering-cargo-arizona

Reguljacija ES https://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/road/social_provisions/driving_time_en Retrieved: Oct, 2018

Interstate Truck Driver’s Guide to Hours of Service, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration USA, 2015

Quang Pham Autonomous vehicles and their impact on road transportation Bachelor’s thesis, JAMK University of Applied Sciences, May 2018

Driver Shortage Problem https://www.iru.org/what-we-do/network/driver-portal/problem Retrieved: Oct, 2018

Costello, B. 2017. Truck Driver Shortage Analysis 2017, 7-8, 13. American Trucking Associations.

http://progressive2.acs.playstream.com/truckline/progressive/ATAs%20Driver%20Shortage%20Report%202017.pdf

Critical Reasons for Crashes Investigated in the National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey, 2. 2015. PDF document on NHTSA's website. https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812115

Otchety po godam Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety/data-and-statistics/large-truck-and-bus-crash-facts Retrieved: Oct, 2018

Viscelli, Steve. Driverless? Autonomous Trucks and the Future of the American Trucker. Center for Labor Research and Education, University of California, Berkeley, and Working Partnerships USA. September 2018. http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/driverless/

Kupriyanovsky, Vasily, et al. "Bandwidth and economy of the digital railway in the transformation of signaling and train control." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 5.3 (2017): 117-132.

Kupriyanovsky, V. P., et al. "Economics of innovations for digital railways. Experience in the UK." International Journal of Open Information Technologies 5.3 (2017): 79-99.

Trucking, Freight Pushes Drive to Autonomous Vehicles https://www.trucks.com/2018/08/23/trucking-freight-pushes-autonomous-vehicles/ Retrieved: Oct, 2018


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Abava   FRUCT 2019

ISSN: 2307-8162