Congestion control scheme model of telecommunication networks capacity

Sergey Vasilyev, Shakhmurad Kanzitdinov, Igor Levichev, Daniel Peres Acosta


The implementation of 5G/6G technologies requires special attention of developers in the field of wireless communication, since these technologies will be able to provide higher data transfer speeds, lower latency, as well as greater energy efficiency compared to currently used 4G technologies. Developers inevitably face a number of technical problems when designing the 5G/6G architecture, which must cope with a more complex multi-user environment and the use of channels at higher frequencies. Modern studies of congestion control scheme models in 5G/6G networks allow us to understand the problems that will need to be solved when implementing 5G/6G technology. In our article, we propose an economic and mathematical model of congestion control scheme for telecommunications networks, taking into account that the most serious issue in the telecommunications industry today is the relationship between network service providers and content providers. Based on the model we have built, we analyze the question of whether network service providers should offer content providers different classes of data transmission services to end customers who set QoS service quality levels. It has been shown that segmentation by QoS service quality levels can be more effective in the short term, since it better distributes the existing congestion control scheme for telecommunications networks, and in the long term, such segmentation can provide higher investment incentives due to the expected growth in demand for next-generation 5G/6G network services due to the emergence of new content providers., whose services may be sensitive to network congestion.

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