Disruptive technological innovation: concept, meaning and ontology

Igor Ponkin, Vasily Kupriyanovsky, Svetlana Moreva, Dmitry Ponkin

Abstract


This article covers the concept of disruptive technological innovation and its content. The article provides general interpretations of the concept of "innovation". The authors provide examples of disruptive innovation, show the origins and genesis of the concept at hand. The article outlines the main characteristics that distinguish disruptive innovation from other innovations, but emphasizes that there is a very fine line between which technology could be considered disruptive and which could not. The article examines the forms and elements of disruptive innovations, the features of their ontology. The authors refer to the understanding and discussions of the prospects for the development, implementation and deployment of disruptive innovations, as well as the associated risks. The authors summarize the foundations of Clayton Christensen and Joseph Bauer's theory of disruptive technological innovation. The article shows the differences between disruptive and supportive technological innovations, between disruptive and destructive technological innovations. Based on the already existing concepts, definitions and interpretations, the authors of the article offer their own concept of explanation of disruptive technological innovations. The problems of proper, adequate and predictive regulatory support for disruptive technological innovation are also raised in this article. The article concludes on the need for regulatory support and provision of reproduction and implementation processes, improvement and development of disruptive technologies. The article concludes that it is important to research the relationships and interactions between technology (including disruptive technologies) and governance, a regulatory eco-environment of disruptive technological innovation. The authors of the article turn to the explanation of the specificity and ontology of disruptive technological innovations in the field of defense and security, military equipment.


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