BIM on the world's railways - development, examples, and standards

Vasily Kupriyanovsky, Oleg Pokusaev, Alexander Klimov, Andrey Dobrynin, Varvara Lazutkina, Ilya Potapov

Abstract


This article is about using BIM in the design and operation of railways. Currently, passenger and freight rail transport, with a history of nearly 200 years, has begun a new stage of rapid growth, associated both with its demand and with the opportunities that have opened up with the introduction of innovative technologies and approaches. Today, the emergence of a new technological structure is accompanied by the simultaneous development of digital technologies, which helps to increase the efficiency of the national and global economies. The main reason for the introduction of digital technology is the desire to increase the speed of decision-making and the quality of management of key business processes. In Europe, one of the harbingers of the digital economy was the decisive introduction of Building Information Modeling (BIM) technologies. In this difficult process of introducing BIM innovations into practice, a very large role was played then by the largest construction project in Europe Crossrail or now the route in London, known as the Elizabeth line, which was launched in the fall of 2019. The work also discusses BIM projects on the railways of South Korea, China, and Northern Europe. The IFC Rail buildingSMART project for creating international standards for the construction, reconstruction, and operation of railway infrastructures was also considered.

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References


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