Analysis of fire station locations efficiency using GIS model

Kyaw Nay Zaw Linn, Sergey Lupin, Htun Htun Linn


The task of ensuring the safety of the population in large cities is extremely urgent today. Traditional methods for calculating the necessary resources of public security services are based on the spatial characteristics of the served territories.Today, the forefront is the task of assessing the time availability of all objects in the served territory, taking into account the high dynamics of road traffic. The transition from criteria determined by distances to time estimates requires the creation of new approaches. It is proposed to use geographical information systems (GIS) as a tool to take into account the real load of the road network.The paper presents a simulation model designed to assess the optimal location of fire stations in the central part of Yangon. The model was created in the AnyLogic environment. It implements agent and discrete event technologies, uses maps in Geographic Information System (GIS) format. The developed model is designed to find the optimal location of fire stations and the distribution of vehicles between them. The optimality of the solution is evaluated using two criteria functions - the time between the signal arriving at the fire station and the arrival of the fire engine at the fire site, as well as the utilization rate of the fire engines. Simulation results confirming the benefits of decentralization are presented.

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