Rethinking the power of packet switching in the coming cyber threats era

Manfred Sneps-Sneppe, Dmitry Namiot


The article is devoted to the discussion of the telecommunications development strategy. Communication specialists all around the world are facing the same problem: shifting from circuit switching (CS) to packet switching (CS). We will provide examples to illustrate the difficulties that complicate the transition from CS to PS and the move to hybrid CS+PS solutions. We start with the basics of routers and switches. Then we discuss the Defense Information System Network move from circuits to packets, namely, “Joint Vision 2010” - the implementation of signaling protocol SS7 and Advanced Intelligent Network, and “Joint Vision 2020” - the transformation from SS7 to IP protocol. We describe some packet switching shortcomings in the implementation of Joint Vision 2020, namely, Joint Information Environment as a beautiful but unattainable dream, GSM-O contract, and Joint regional security stacks failures, as well as give some critics regard Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure Cloud Strategy and Artificial Intelligence Initiative. An example of a hybrid solution: a unified packet and circuit switched network are shown. We describe a new trend in microelectronics, namely, a network-on-a-chip orientation from packet to circuit switching. We conclude that the long channel-packet coexistence seems inevitable, especially in the face of growing cyber threats.

Full Text:



M. Sneps-Sneppe, D. Namiot. “Time to Rethink the Power of Packet Switching”. In Proc, 14-16 Nov. 2018, Bologna, Italy.

The Defense Network of Tomorrow—Today. AT&T White paper. 2018

Army Regulation 25–13 Information Management. Army Telecommunications and Unified Capabilities. Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC. 11 May 2017

GAO-19-128. Weapon Systems Cybersecurity. DOD Just Beginning to Grapple with Scale of Vulnerabilities. Report to the Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate. United States Government Accountability Office. October 2018

P.M. Fernandez. “Circuit switching in the internet”. Dissertation. Stanford University. June 2003

Defense Networks. Management Information Shortfalls Hinder Defense Efforts to Meet DISN Goals. US General Accounting Office. GAO/AIMD-98-202. July 30, 1998

William W. Chao. “Emerging Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) For 21st Century Warfighters”. MILICOM, 1999. IEEE

Special Interoperability Test Certification of Avaya S8300D with Gateway 450 (G450). DISA, Joint Interoperability Test Command, 17 Apr 2012

U.S. Department of Defense. Global Information Grid. Architectural Vision, Version 1.0. June 2007

US Army Unified Capabilities (UC) Reference Architecture (RA). Version 1.0. 11 October 2013.

Department of Defense Assured Services (AS) Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). Errata-1, July 2013 Retrieved: Jun, 2019

A. Corrin. “Leidos-Lockheed merger changes the face of federal IT”. Federal Times. February 5, 2016. Web: Retrieved: Jun, 2019

S. Meloni. “The Future of the Joint Information Environment (JIE)”, Sept 24, 2014. Web: Retrieved: Apr, 2019.

Cyberscoop. Web: Retrieved: Jun, 2019

L. C. Williams Is it time to rethink JRSS? Feb 01, 2019 Retrieved: Jun, 2019

L. C. Williams. “DOD cloud strategy puts JEDI at the center”. Feb 05, 2019. Web: Retrieved: Jun, 2019.

T. Keelan. “The Pentagon’s JEDI cloud strategy is ambitious, but can it work?” March 21 2019. Web: Retrieved: Jun, 2019.

Department of Defense. DoD Cloud Strategy Readiness for Artificial Intelligence (Al). December 2018.

U.S. Department of Defense. Summary of the 2018 Department of Defense Artificial Intelligence Strategy: Harnessing AI to Advance Our Security and Prosperity, (February 12, 2019). Web: Retrieved: Jun, 2019

Saurav Das, Guru Parulkar, and Nick McKeown. Rethinking IP core networks. Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, 5(12):1431–1442, 2013.

Ping Yin, Steven Diamond, Bill Lin, Stephen Boyd. “Network Optimization for Unified Packet and Circuit Switched Networks”. 22 May 2019. Retrieved: Jun, 2019

S. Pasricha, and N. Dutt, “On-Chip Communication Architectures,” Elsevier, 2008.

Kuei-chung Chang, Jih-sheng Shen and Tien-fu Chen, “Evaluation and design trade-offs between circuit-switched and packet-switched NoCs for application-specific SoCs,” Proc. Design Autom. Conf., San Francisco, 2006, pp. 143--148.

L. Shaoteng, A. Jantsch and Z. Lu, “Analysis and evaluation of circuit switched NoC and packet switched NoC,” Proc. Euromicro Conf. on Digital System Design (DSD), 2013.

Chen, G., Anders, M.A., Kaul, H., Satpathy, S.A., Mathew, S.K., Hsu, S.K., Agarwal, A., Krishnamurthy,R.K., Borkar, S., and De, V., A 340mV_to_0.9V 20.2Tb/s source_synchronous hybrid packet/circuit_switched 16 × 16 network_on_chip in 22 nm tri_gate CMOS, Proc. Solid_State Circuits Conf. Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), IEEE International, 2014.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Abava  Absolutech IT-EDU 2019

ISSN: 2307-8162