Agriculture 4.0: Synergy of the System of Systems, Ontology, the Internet of Things, and Space Technologies

Vasily Kupriyanovsky, Yuri Lipuntsov, Oleg Grinko, Dmitry Namiot


The article deals with issues related to digital agriculture. In the first part of the paper, basic technologies are considered that ensure accurate farming. First of all, they include navigation systems and unmanned aerial vehicles. Next, we are talking about automatic control systems. The article provides an overview of a large number of EU projects that support accurate farming. In particular, the paper considers the European project Internet of Food & Farm 2020 (IoF2020), which explores the potential of Internet technologies Things for the European food and agricultural industry. This project aims to make farming a reality and to make a vital step towards creating a more sustainable value chain. With the help of Internet technologies, Things are expected to receive higher yields and better products. The use of pesticides and fertilizers will decrease, and the overall efficiency will be optimized. Internet technologies also provide better traceability of food products, leading to improved food safety.

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