Arduino Based Blind Solar Tracking Controller

Ahmed Jabbar Abid


There is no doubt that energy production of photovoltaic systems is a matter of the sun light’s incident angle of the solar panel. The proposed system is offering a dual axis tracking controller, that track the sun based on astronomical equations which used time, date and location to locate the sun position. The presented system is using an Arduino Mega 2560 to find the instant sun position based on a PSA algorithm and with the aid of a real-time controller RTC and the global positioning system GPS. This system is direct the panel to the specific location using two linear actuators, the first for azimuth angle, and the other for elevation angle. Finally, the system periodically measured panel location using an accelerometer to adjust any error between the measured and the calculated angles. 

Full Text:



J. F. Lee, N. A. Rahim, and Y. A. Al-Turki, “Performance of dual-axis solar tracker versus static solar system by segmented clearness index in Malaysia,” Int. J. Photoenergy, vol. 2013, 2013.

F. J. Gómez-Gil, X. Wang, and A. Barnett, “Energy production of photovoltaic systems: Fixed, tracking, and concentrating,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 306–313, 2012.

R. Dhanabal, V. Bharathi, R. Ranjitha, A. Ponni, S. Deepthi, and P. Mageshkannan, “Comparison of efficiencies of solar tracker systems with static panel single-axis tracking system and dual-axis tracking system with fixed mount,” Int. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1925–1933, 2013.

J. M. Wang and C. L. Lu, “Design and implementation of a sun tracker with a dual-axis single motor for an optical sensor-based photovoltaic system,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 3157–3168, 2013.

A. Ponniran, A. Hashim, and H. Ali Munir, “A design of single axis sun tracking system,” in 2011 5th International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference, PEOCO 2011 - Program and Abstracts, 2011, pp. 107–110.

F. M. Al-Naima, R. S. Ali, and A. J. Abid, “Solar Tracking System: Design based on GPS and Astronomical Equations,” IT-DREPS Conf. Exhib., pp. 1–6, 2013.

F. M. Al-naima, R. S. Ali, and A. J. Abid, “Design and Implementation of a Smart Dual Axis Sun Tracker Based on Astronomical Equations,” vol. 1, pp. 1–6, 2012.

Y. Rizal, S. H. Wibowo, and Feriyadi, “Application of solar position algorithm for sun-tracking system,” in Energy Procedia, 2013, vol. 32, pp. 160–165.

M. Blanco-Muriel, D. C. Alarcón-Padilla, T. López-Moratalla, and M. Lara-Coira, “Computing the solar vector,” Sol. Energy, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 431–441, 2001.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Abava  Кибербезопасность MoNeTec 2024

ISSN: 2307-8162