The Internet of Military Things: Concept, Functional Purpose, Structure, Related Regulatory Developments

Igor Ponkin


The article is devoted to the study of the role and significance of the concept and technologies of the Internet of Military Things in the competition of military capabilities of the world's leading powers. The article emphasizes that the concept of the Internet of Things as a whole, in principle, originated in the defense community, emerged due to the defense industry's work on sensor networks and low-power computing platforms. The author explains the concept of the Internet of Things, noting the quite expected and logical transition of civilian Internet of Things technologies into military applications. The author briefly shows the importance of the Internet of Military Things given to it in military strategic planning and management documents of a number of foreign countries. The article reviews the explanations of the essence of the Internet of Military Things presented in the scientific literature. The article presents a detailed author's concept of explaining the concept of the Internet of Military Things and its structure. The article discusses the current and potential applications of IoT technologies in the military sphere. The author provides some data on the scale of the market of IoT devices and systems. The author shows two significant features of the application of the Internet of Military Things - 1) the pronounced hostile and harsh nature of the battlefield environment and 2) critical resource issues related to power supply, communications and centralized cloud computing architectures. The paper identifies key future directions for improving the systems and components of the Internet of Military Things. The conclusions are drawn that there is no open normative legal regulation of the Internet of Military Things directly; direct regulation of the Internet of Military Things is reduced to regulation by secret acts of state administration.

Full Text:

PDF (Russian)


Internet of Military Things – Thematic Research // . – 10.12.2021.

Ponkin I.V. Tsifra i tendentsii razvitiia voennykh tekhnologii i sootvetstvuiushchei reguliatoriki: vzgliad na zarubezhnyi opyt [The Digital and the Trends in Military Technology and Related Regulatory Developments: Look at foreign experience] // International Journal of Open Information Technologies. – 2024. – Vol. 12. – № 2. – P. 75–83.

Suri N., Tortonesi M., Michaelis J. et al. Analyzing the Applicability of Internet of Things to the Battlefield Environment // 2016 International Conference on Military Communications and Information Systems (ICMCIS). – Brussels, 2016. . – 8 p.

Apostolopoulos S. Internet of Military Things. Smart Warrior: A thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Science (MSc) in Cybersecurity / School of science & technology of the International Hellenic University. – Thessaloniki (Greece), 2022. – xi; 87 p.

Digital Strategy for Defence. Delivering the Digital Backbone and unleashing the power of Defence’s data / UK Ministry of Defence; Directorate of Strategy and Military Digitisation. April 2021 – London, 2021. – 39 p. .

Defence Artificial Intelligence Strategy 2022. V 1.0, June 2022 / UK Ministry of Defence. – London, 2022. – ii; 68 p.

Summary of NATO’s Quantum Technologies Strategy // . – 17.01.2024.

Contracts for Dec. 22, 2022 // .

UK Strategic Commander General Sir Patrick Sanders delivers speech at DSEI 2021 // . – 14.09.2021.

Withrington C. The Internet of Military Things // . – 24.08.2023.

Russell S., Abdelzaher T. The Internet of Battlefield Things: The Next Generation of Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (C3I) Decision-Making // MILCOM 2018 – 2018 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM): Proceedings. – Los Angeles (CA, USA), 2019. – P. 737–742.

Alkanjr B., Mahgoub I. Location Privacy-Preserving Scheme in IoBT Networks Using Deception-Based Techniques // Sensors. – 2023. – Vol. 23. – № 6. – Article 3142. . – 19 p.

Sharma P.K., Park J., Park J.H., Cho K. Wearable Computing for Defence Automation: Opportunities and Challenges in 5G Network // IEEE Access. – 2020. – Vol. 8. – P. 65993–66002.

Sharkey N. Staying in the loop: human supervisory control of weapons [Оставаясь в петле: человеческий диспетчерский контроль над вооружениями] // Autonomous Weapons Systems: Law, Ethics, Policy / Edited by Nepal Bhuta, Susanne Beck, Robin Geiβ, Hin-Yan Liu, Claus Kreβ. – Cambridge (United Kingdom): Cambridge University Press, 2017. – x; 410 p. – P. 23–38.

Weber J. Autonomous drone swarms and the contested imaginaries of artificial intelligence // . – 11.01.2024. – 4 p.

Kong P.W., Iskandar M.N.S., Koh A.H., et al. Validation of In-Shoe Force Sensors during Loaded Walking in Military Personnel // Sensors. – 2023. – Vol. 23. – № 14. – Article 6465. – 16 p.

Simpson J.D.; DeBusk H., Hill C., Knight A., Chander H. The role of military footwear and workload on ground reaction forces during a simulated lateral ankle sprain mechanism // The Foot. – 2018. – Vol. 34. – P. 53–57.

Ponkin I.V., Shevchenko O.A., Ponkina A.A. Regulirovanie takticheskoi meditsiny [Regulation of tactical medicine] // Military Medical Law: Textbook. – Khabarovsk, 2023. – 200 p. – P. 193–199.

Military loT Market Research Report Information by Component (Hardware, Software and Services), Technology (Wi-Fi, Cellular. RFID and others), Application (Training and Simulation, Health Monitoring, Real-Time Fleet Management, Inventory Management, Equipment Maintenance and others) and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America) - Forecast till 2032. October 2019 // .

Jang J., Kim K., Yoon S., Lee S., Ahn M., Shin D. Mission Impact Analysis by Measuring the Effect on Physical Combat Operations Associated With Cyber Asset Damage // IEEE Access. – 2023. – Vol. 11. – P. 45113–45128.

Ponkin I.V. Voennaia analitika. Voennoe primenenie iskusstvennogo intellekta i tsifry [Military analytics: Military applications of Artificial Intelligence and digital technologies]. – Moscow: Buki Vedi, 2022. – 106 p. .

Wang X., Lim E.G., Hoettges K., Song P. A Review of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Nanodiamond Based Strain Sensor in Harsh Environments // C. Journal of Carbon Research. – 2023. – № 9 (4). – Article 108. – 37 p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Abava  Кибербезопасность MoNeTec 2024

ISSN: 2307-8162